ssh-agent / git 指定特定 key

使用代理封装指定行定KEY


#add 1.
ssh-agent bash -c 'ssh-add /somewhere/yourkey; git clone git@github.com:user/project.git'

#or 2.
ssh-agent $(ssh-add /somewhere/yourkey; git clone git@github.com:user/project.git)

 

References:

https://blog.csdn.net/zhouguoqionghai/article/details/92134462

https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/126117538

.

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SpringBoot CorsConfig

案例一:


package com.wang.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableOAuth2Client;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableResourceServer;
import org.springframework.web.cors.CorsConfiguration;
import org.springframework.web.cors.UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource;
import org.springframework.web.filter.CorsFilter;

@Configuration
public class CorsConfig {
    private CorsConfiguration buildConfig() {
        CorsConfiguration corsConfiguration = new CorsConfiguration();
        corsConfiguration.addAllowedOrigin("*"); // 1
        corsConfiguration.addAllowedHeader("*"); // 2
        corsConfiguration.addAllowedMethod("*"); // 3
        return corsConfiguration;
    }

    @Bean
    public CorsFilter corsFilter() {
        UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource source = new UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource();
        source.registerCorsConfiguration("/**", buildConfig()); // 4
        return new CorsFilter(source);
    }


}

 

案例二:


import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.cors.CorsConfiguration;
import org.springframework.web.cors.UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource;
import org.springframework.web.filter.CorsFilter;

@Configuration
public class GlobalCorsConfig {
    @Bean
    public CorsFilter corsFilter() {
        //1.添加CORS配置信息
        CorsConfiguration config = new CorsConfiguration();
        //1) 允许的域,不要写*,否则cookie就无法使用了
        config.addAllowedOrigin("http://www.example.com");
        //2) 是否发送Cookie信息
        config.setAllowCredentials(true);
        //3) 允许的请求方式
        config.addAllowedMethod("OPTIONS");
        config.addAllowedMethod("HEAD");
        config.addAllowedMethod("GET");
        config.addAllowedMethod("PUT");
        config.addAllowedMethod("POST");
        config.addAllowedMethod("DELETE");
        config.addAllowedMethod("PATCH");
        // 4)允许的头信息
        config.addAllowedHeader("*");

        //2.映射路径,拦截一切请求
        UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource configSource = new UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource();
        configSource.registerCorsConfiguration("/**", config);

        //3.返回新的CorsFilter.
        return new CorsFilter(configSource);
    }
}

 

 


 

 

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CentOS 7 upgrade to CentOS 8

第1步:安装EPEL储存库

首先,通过运行以下命令安装EPL存储库:

yum install epel-release -y

第2步:安装yum-utils工具

成功安装EPEL之后 ,通过运行以下命令来安装yum-utils 。

yum install yum-utils

在CentOS 7中安装yum-utils
此后,您需要通过执行命令来解析RPM软件包。

# yum install rpmconf
# rpmconf -a

保留默认RPM设置
接下来,清理所有不需要的软件包。

# package-cleanup --leaves
# package-cleanup --orphans

干净的RPM软件包
第3步:在CentOS 7中安装dnf
现在安装dnf软件包管理器 ,它是CentOS 8的默认软件包管理器。

# yum install dnf

在CentOS 7中安装dnf
您还需要使用以下命令删除yum软件包管理器 。

# dnf -y remove yum yum-metadata-parser
# rm -Rf /etc/yum

在CentOS 7中删除Yum
第4步:将CentOS 7升级到CentOS 8
现在,我们准备将CentOS 7升级到CentOS 8,但在此之前,请使用新安装的dnf软件包管理器升级系统。

# dnf upgrade

升级CentOS 7

接下来,如下所示使用dnf安装CentOS 8发行包。 这需要一段时间。

dnf -y upgrade http://mirrors.163.com/centos/8.0.1905/BaseOS/x86_64/os/Packages/centos-release-8.0-0.1905.0.9.el8.x86_64.rpm

安装CentOS 8版本
接下来,升级EPEL存储库。

dnf -y upgrade https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm

升级EPEL存储库
成功升级EPEL存储库后,请删除所有临时文件。

# dnf clean all

删除 CentOS 7 的旧内核 。

# rpm -e `rpm -q kernel`

接下来,请确保删除有冲突的软件包。

# rpm -e --nodeps sysvinit-tools

之后,如图所示启动CentOS 8系统升级。

# dnf -y --releasever=8 --allowerasing --setopt=deltarpm=false distro-sync

CentOS 8系统升级
第5步:安装适用于CentOS 8的新内核
要为CentOS 8安装新的内核,请运行命令。

# dnf -y install kernel-core

在CentOS 8中安装内核
最后,安装CentOS 8最小软件包。

# dnf -y groupupdate "Core" "Minimal Install"

现在,您可以通过运行检查安装的CentOS版本。

# cat /etc/redhat-release

检查CentOS版本

 

参考:
https://www.howtoing.com/upgrade-centos-7-to-centos-8

 

 

#!/bin/bash

echo 'CentOS 7 upgrade to CentOS 8'

echo '第1步:安装EPEL储存库'
yum update -y
yum remove epel-release mariadb mariadb-connector-c-config redhat-rpm-config -y
#yum install epel-release -y
yum install -y http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm

echo '第2步:安装yum-utils工具'
yum install yum-utils -y

echo '在CentOS 7中安装yum-utils'
yum install rpmconf -y
rpmconf -a

echo '保留默认RPM设置,接下来,清理所有不需要的软件包'
package-cleanup --leaves
package-cleanup --orphans

# yum remove -y libsysfs-2.1.0-16.el7.x86_64 chefdk-4.6.35-1.el7.x86_64

echo '第3步:在CentOS 7中安装dnf'
yum install dnf -y

echo '在CentOS 7中安装dnf, 您还需要使用以下命令删除yum软件包管理器 。'
dnf -y remove yum yum-metadata-parser
rm -Rf /etc/yum


echo '第4步:将CentOS 7升级到CentOS 8'
dnf -y upgrade
dnf -y install http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/8/BaseOS/x86_64/os/Packages/centos-linux-repos-8-2.el8.noarch.rpm http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/8/BaseOS/x86_64/os/Packages/centos-linux-release-8.3-1.2011.el8.noarch.rpm http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/8/BaseOS/x86_64/os/Packages/centos-gpg-keys-8-2.el8.noarch.rpm
dnf -y upgrade http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm

# dnf -y install http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/8/BaseOS/x86_64/os/Packages/centos-linux-repos-8-2.el8.noarch.rpm
# dnf -y http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/8/BaseOS/x86_64/os/Packages/centos-gpg-keys-8-2.el8.noarch.rpm
# dnf -y upgrade http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm

# dnf -y upgrade http://mirrors.163.com/centos/8.0.1905/BaseOS/x86_64/os/Packages/centos-release-8.0-0.1905.0.9.el8.x86_64.rpm
# dnf -y upgrade https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm


echo '升级EPEL存储库'
dnf clean all
rpm -e `rpm -q kernel`
rpm -e --nodeps sysvinit-tools
dnf -y --releasever=8 --allowerasing --setopt=deltarpm=false distro-sync


echo '第5步:安装适用于CentOS 8的新内核'
dnf -y install kernel-core


echo '安装CentOS 8最小软件包'
dnf -y groupupdate "Core" "Minimal Install"
cat /etc/redhat-release




 

 

.

 

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Docker Desktop - WSL 2 从C盘迁移到其他目录

WSL

WSL:适用于 Linux 的 Windows 子系统。

  • 什么是适用于 Linux 的 Windows 子系统?

适用于 Linux 的 Windows 子系统可让开发人员按原样运行 GNU/Linux 环境 - 包括大多数命令行工具、实用工具和应用程序 - 且不会产生虚拟机开销。

  • 什么是 WSL 2?

WSL 2 是适用于 Linux 的 Windows 子系统体系结构的一个新版本,它支持适用于 Linux 的 Windows 子系统在 Windows 上运行 ELF64 Linux 二进制文件。 它的主要目标是提高文件系统性能,以及添加完全的系统调用兼容性。

--

启用WSL后,docker运行数据都在WSL发行版中,文件位置都只能由WSL管理!

安装docker后,docker会自动创建2个发行版:

  • docker-desktop
  • docker-desktop-data

 

WSL发行版迁移

网上查了一下wsl发行版迁移,几乎都是说使用LxRunOffline.exe

经过我试验,LxRunOffline.exe确实可以迁移自己安装的发行版,却迁移不了docker自动创建的2个发行版!

最后只能去github提了个issues:https://github.com/docker/for-win/issues/7348

下面是操作方法:

  1. 首先关闭docker
  2. 关闭所有发行版:
    wsl --shutdown
  3. 将docker-desktop-data导出到D:\SoftwareData\wsl\docker-desktop-data\docker-desktop-data.tar(注意,原有的docker images不会一起导出)
    wsl --export docker-desktop-data D:\SoftwareData\wsl\docker-desktop-data\docker-desktop-data.tar
  4. 注销docker-desktop-data:
    wsl --unregister docker-desktop-data
  5. 重新导入docker-desktop-data到要存放的文件夹:D:\SoftwareData\wsl\docker-desktop-data\:
    wsl --import docker-desktop-data
    D:\SoftwareData\wsl\docker-desktop-data\
    D:\SoftwareData\wsl\docker-desktop-data\docker-desktop-data.tar
    --version 2

--

只需要迁移docker-desktop-data一个发行版就行,另外一个不用管,它占用空间很小。
完成以上操作后,原来的%LOCALAPPDATA%/Docker/wsl/data/ext4.vhdx就迁移到新目录了:

重启docker

参考:
https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/windows/wsl/
https://docs.docker.com/docker-for-windows/wsl/
https://www.cnblogs.com/xhznl/p/13184398.html

 

 

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git 日常

 

命令行指引

您还可以按照以下说明从计算机中上传现有文件。

Git 全局设置
git config --global user.name "xxxx"
git config --global user.email "xxx@xxx.com"
创建一个新仓库
git clone https://git.xxx.org/xxxx/xxx.git
cd brp
touch README.md
git add README.md
git commit -m "add README"
git push -u origin master
推送现有文件夹
cd existing_folder
git init
git remote add origin https://git.xxx.org/xxxx/xxx.git
git add .
git commit -m "Initial commit"
git push -u origin master
推送现有的 Git 仓库
cd existing_repo
git remote rename origin old-origin
git remote add origin https://git.xxx.org/xxxx/xxx.git
git push -u origin --all
git push -u origin --tags

 

 

.

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apache dubbo / zookeeper / zookeeper not connected

 

dubbo 2.7.3 升级2.7.5 或更高版本时 连接不到zookeeper

方法一:

dubbo.config-center.timeout:10000
dubbo.registry.timeout: 100000

参考:
https://github.com/apache/dubbo-spring-boot-project/issues/668

 

方法二:

换掉dubbo的版本号就好了

如下:

<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.dubbo</groupId>
<artifactId>dubbo-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
<version>2.7.3</version>
</dependency>
<!-- 使用zk 做注册中心,Dubbo 需要的依赖 -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.dubbo</groupId>
<artifactId>dubbo-dependencies-zookeeper</artifactId>
<type>pom</type>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
<artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>

 

 

.

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linux firewalld

#进程与状态相关
systemctl start firewalld.service #启动防火墙
systemctl stop firewalld.service #停止防火墙
systemctl status firewalld #查看防火墙状态
systemctl enable firewalld #设置防火墙随系统启动
systemctl disable firewalld #禁止防火墙随系统启动
firewall-cmd --state #查看防火墙状态
firewall-cmd --reload #更新防火墙规则
firewall-cmd --list-ports #查看所有打开的端口
firewall-cmd --list-services #查看所有允许的服务
firewall-cmd --get-services #获取所有支持的服务

#区域相关
firewall-cmd --list-all-zones #查看所有区域信息
firewall-cmd --get-active-zones #查看活动区域信息
firewall-cmd --set-default-zone=public #设置public为默认区域
firewall-cmd --get-default-zone #查看默认区域信息

#接口相关
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-interface=eth0 #将接口eth0加入区域public
firewall-cmd --zone=public --remove-interface=eth0 #从区域public中删除接口eth0
firewall-cmd --zone=default --change-interface=eth0 #修改接口eth0所属区域为default
firewall-cmd --get-zone-of-interface=eth0 #查看接口eth0所属区域

#端口控制
firewall-cmd --query-port=8080/tcp # 查询端口是否开放
firewall-cmd --add-port=8080/tcp --permanent #永久添加8080端口例外(全局)
firewall-cmd --remove-port=8800/tcp --permanent #永久删除8080端口例外(全局)
firewall-cmd --add-port=65001-65010/tcp --permanent #永久增加65001-65010例外(全局)
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=8080/tcp --permanent #永久添加8080端口例外(区域public)
firewall-cmd --zone=public --remove-port=8080/tcp --permanent #永久删除8080端口例外(区域public)
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=65001-65010/tcp --permanent #永久增加65001-65010例外(区域public)

 

.

 

 

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Mobile White Project

白名单管理项目

.

 

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树莓派 GPIO 控制 / WEB控制 - 备忘

转载于:
https://www.cnblogs.com/zhenqichai/p/raspberry-pi-control-GPIO-with-python.html

Python 控制树莓派 GPIO 输出:控制 LED 灯

树莓派 GPIO 控制输出的入门应该都是从控制 LED 灯开始的吧。

树莓派版本:Model 3B+

树莓派系统:Raspbian Stretch with desktop and recommended software,April 2019

连接装置

准备一个 LED 灯,两个两头都为母的杜邦线。对照下图连接树莓派和 LED 灯,要求一个是地线(GND)连接灯的负极,一个有 GPIO + BCM 编号连接正极。我选择了 pin 号为 6 和 12 的两个引脚。你也可以选择别的,记得将之后的代码中 BCM 编号修改正确

在断电状态下连接。连接好的如下图,我的 LED 灯有正负极的提示,图中所示红色箭头指向的是正极,蓝色箭头是负极。如果你的 LED 灯是最简单的那种,长引脚就是正极,短的负极。

树莓派开机。

安装 RPI.GPIO

我装的树莓派系统已经满足所需要的环境,不需要额外下载。

你可以测试是否已经有该模块,在终端打开 Python3,然后尝试导入库: import RPi.GPIO as GPIO 。如果没有出现error,就表示已经有了,可以直接跳到下一步。

如果出现错误,则执行以下命令:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3-rpi.gpio

测试 GPIO

按下图所示依次输入命令,观察。

GPIO.setmode() 有两种参数可以选择:可以使用 GPIO.BOARD 选项告诉库根据 GPIO 接口的引脚号引用信号,或者使用 Broadcom 芯片的信号编号( GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM) )。

在选择了模式之后,需要确定在程序中使用哪一个 GPIO 信号以及将家门用来作为输入还是输出:GPIO.setup(channel, direction)。我给的例子里是 GPIO.setup(18, GPIO.OUT) 。

后面两个命令控制灯的开关: GPIO.output(18, GPIO.HIGH) 和 GPIO.output(18, GPIO.LOW) 。

GPIO.cleanup() 用于重置 GPIO 接口,它把所有的 GPIO 引脚设置为低电平状态,所以没有多余的信号出现在界面上。在不使用改函数的情况下,如果试图配置一个已分配信号值的 GPIO 信号引脚,那么 RPi.GPIO 模块会产生一条警告信息。

闪烁 LED

然后我在树莓派上编写了下面这个代码让 LED 灯闪烁五次,保存在 Desktop,命名为 led.py。

复制代码
#!/usr/bin/python3

import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time

GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
GPIO.setup(18, GPIO.OUT)
GPIO.output(18, GPIO.LOW)
blinks = 0
print('开始闪烁')
while (blinks < 5):
    GPIO.output(18, GPIO.HIGH)
    time.sleep(1.0)
    GPIO.output(18, GPIO.LOW)
    time.sleep(1.0)
    blinks = blinks + 1
GPIO.output(18, GPIO.LOW)
GPIO.cleanup()
print('结束闪烁')
复制代码

 

演示结果:

也可以以通过 PWM 信号来达到让灯闪烁的效果。

#!/usr/bin/python3

import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
GPIO.setup(18, GPIO.OUT)
blink = GPIO.PWM(18, 1)
try:
    blink.start(50)
    while True:
        pass
except KeyboardInterrupt:
    blink.stop()
GPIO.cleanup()

 

start() 方法指定了占空比(从 1 到 100)。在开始 PWM 信号后,程序就可以解放出来做其他事情了。GPIO 18 会持续发送 PWM 信号,直到停止它。 blink = GPIO.PWM(18, 1) 指定了 PWM 信号以 1HZ 的频率发送,灯 1 秒闪烁一次。按 Control + C 中止闪烁。

参考资料

《树莓派Python编程 入门与实战(第2版)》,人民邮电出版社

上述内容转载至:
作者:Zhenqi Chai
出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/zhenqichai/
版权声明:本文为作者原创文章,欢迎转载,但必须保留此段声明,且在文章页面明显位置给出原文链接,否则保留追究法律责任的权利。

-------------------------------------------------------------------------
树莓派-通过Web控制GPIO针脚输出高低电平(改进版)

1.Tornado简介

Tornado一款使用 Python 编写的,相对简单的 非阻塞式 Web 服务器,它是非阻塞式服务器,而且速度相当快。得利于其 非阻塞的方式和对 epoll 的运用,Tornado 每秒可以处理数以千计的连接,因此 Tornado 是实时 Web 服务的一个 理想框架。

官方网站:http://www.tornadoweb.cn

官方文档:http://www.tornadoweb.cn/documentation

整个文档就一个网页,把http服务器常用的功能都讲述了一遍,如果有编程基础,应该很快就能上手。

2.Tornado安装

方式1:pip 安装:
sudo pip install tornado

方式2:源代码安装:
wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/t/tornado/tornado-4.3.tar.gz
tar xvzf tornado-4.3.tar.gz
cd tornado-4.3
python setup.py build
sudo python setup.py install

 

3.HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="zh-CN">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <title>树莓派Web控制中心</title>
    <script src="static/js/jquery-3.2.1.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="static/js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <link href="static/css/bootstrap.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <link href="static/css/font-awesome-4.7.0/css/font-awesome.min.css" rel="stylesheet"
        type="text/css" />
    <style type="text/css">
        .page-header { margin: 20px 0; border-bottom: 1px solid #eee; padding-bottom: 0; text-align: center; }
        .btn-item { text-align: center; }
        i { margin-right: 3px; display: inline-block; }
        h1 { text-align: center; }
        .tip { font-weight: bold; color: black; }
        .lead { font-size: small; }
        .gpio-item { text-align: center; }
        .btn-gnd, .btn-gpio { padding: 10px 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; width: 100%; font-size: small; }
        .gpio .row { margin-top: 5px; }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div class="container">
        <div class="page-header">
            <h3>
                树莓派Web控制中心</h3>
            <p class="lead">
                用于控制连接到树莓派的各种传感器
            </p>
        </div>
        <div class="panel panel-default">
            <div class="panel-heading">
                设备</div>
            <div class="panel-body">
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-3 btn-item">
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-3 btn-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-danger btn-trigger"><i class="fa fa-power-off"></i>关机</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-3 btn-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-trigger"><i class="fa fa-refresh"></i>重启</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-3 btn-item">
                    </div>
                    <script type="text/javascript">
                        var url = "/";
                        $(function () { 
                            $(".btn-trigger").click(function () {
                                var text = $(this).text().replace(/ /g, "").replace(/\n/g, "").replace(/\r/g, "").replace(/\t/g, "");
                                var cmd = "";
                                switch (text) {
                                    case "关机":
                                        cmd = "sudo shutdown -h now";
                                        break;
                                    case "重启":
                                        cmd = "sudo reboot";
                                        break;
                                }
                                if (confirm("确定要执行该命令吗?")) {
                                    $.ajax({
                                        type: "POST",
                                        url: url,
                                        data: {
                                            action: "run-shell-cmd",
                                            cmd: cmd
                                        },
                                        success: function (result) {
                                            //$(".tip").html(result);
                                        }
                                    });
                                }
                            });
                        });
                    </script>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="panel panel-default">
            <div class="panel-heading">
                GPIO (蓝色->低电平,红色->高电平)</div>
            <div class="panel-body gpio">
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        左侧
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        右侧
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <button disabled="disabled" class="btn btn-info btn-gnd">
                            GND (9) 左05</button>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <button disabled="disabled" class="btn btn-info btn-gnd">
                            GND (6) 右03</button>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="17">17 (11) 左06</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="18">18 (12) 右06</a>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="27">27 (13) 左07</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <button disabled="disabled" class="btn btn-info btn-gnd">
                            GND (14) 右07</button>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="22">22 (15) 左08</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="23">23 (16) 右08</a>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <button disabled="disabled" class="btn btn-info btn-gnd">
                            GND (25) 左13</button>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="24">24 (18) 右09</a>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="5">05 (29) 左15</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <button disabled="disabled" class="btn btn-info btn-gnd">
                            GND (20) 右10</button>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="6">06 (31) 左16</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="25">25 (22) 右11</a>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="13">13 (33) 左17</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <button disabled="disabled" class="btn btn-info btn-gnd">
                            GND (30) 右15</button>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="19">19 (35) 左18</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="12">12 (32) 右16</a>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="26">26 (37) 左19</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <button disabled="disabled" class="btn btn-info btn-gnd">
                            GND (34) 右17</button>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="20">20 (37) 右19</a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="16">16 (36) 右18</a>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <button disabled="disabled" class="btn btn-info btn-gnd">
                            GND (39) 右20</button>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-xs-6 gpio-item">
                        <a class="btn btn-primary btn-gpio" pin="21">21 (40) 右20</a>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <script type="text/javascript">
                    $(function () {
                        $(".btn-gpio").click(function () {
                            var gpio = $(this).attr("pin");
                            if ($(this).hasClass("btn-danger")) {
                                $(this).removeClass("btn-danger").addClass("btn-primary");
                            } else {
                                $(this).removeClass("btn-primary").addClass("btn-danger");
                            }
                            var status = $(this).hasClass("btn-danger") ? 1 : 0;
                            $.ajax({
                                type: "POST",
                                url: url,
                                data: {
                                    action: "set-gpio-pin",
                                    pin: gpio,
                                    status: status
                                },
                                success: function (result) {
                                    //$(".tip").html(result);
                                }
                            });
 
                        });
                    })
                </script>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

 

4.Python脚本

 

#coding: utf8
import sys
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time
import os
import tornado.ioloop
import tornado.web
import tornado.httpserver
import tornado.options
from tornado.options import define,options
 
#初始化
def init():
    GPIO.setwarnings(False)
    GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
 
#设置GPIO针脚电平输出
def SetPinStatus(pin,status):
    GPIO.cleanup(int(pin))
    GPIO.setup(int(pin),GPIO.OUT)
    if(int(status)==0):
        GPIO.output(int(pin),GPIO.LOW)
    else:
        GPIO.output(int(pin),GPIO.HIGH)
    
#路由处理	
class IndexHandler(tornado.web.RequestHandler):
        def get(self):
                self.render("index.html")
        def post(self):
                init()
		action=self.get_argument('action')
		#设置GPIO针脚电平输出
		if(action=="set-gpio-pin"):
		    pin = self.get_argument('pin')
                    status = self.get_argument('status')
		    SetPinStatus(pin,status)
		    self.write("true")
		#执行shell脚本,如:关机,重启
		elif(action=="run-shell-cmd"): 
		    cmd = self.get_argument('cmd')
                    os.system(cmd)					
                
if __name__ == '__main__':
    #控制台输出响应结果,正式环境可以不开启
    #tornado.options.parse_command_line()
    settings={
        "static_path":os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),"static")
        }
    app = tornado.web.Application(
        handlers=[
            (r"/",IndexHandler),
            (r"(apple-touch-icon\.png)",tornado.web.StaticFileHandler,dict(path=settings['static_path']))
        ],**settings)
    
    http_server = tornado.httpserver.HTTPServer(app)
    http_server.listen(8020)
    tornado.ioloop.IOLoop.instance().start()
    GPIO.cleanup()


5.示例

上述内容转载于:
https://blog.csdn.net/a497785609/article/details/78060029
6.案例脚本
#coding: utf8

import sys
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time
import os


# RuntimeError: Please set pin numbering mode using GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BOARD) or GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
GPIO.setup(19,GPIO.OUT)
GPIO.output(19,GPIO.HIGH)
# GPIO.output(19,GPIO.LOW)

GPIO.setup(26,GPIO.OUT)
GPIO.output(26,GPIO.HIGH)
# GPIO.output(26,GPIO.LOW)
# GPIO.setup(channel, GPIO.OUT, initial=GPIO.HIGH)

 

...
发表在 python | 树莓派 GPIO 控制 / WEB控制 - 备忘已关闭评论

地图坐标系的转换(WGS-84、GCJ-02、BD-09)

C#地图坐标系的转换(WGS-84、GCJ-02、BD-09)

public class GPSChange
    {
        private const double pi = 3.14159265358979324;
        private const double x_pi = 3.14159265358979324 * 3000.0 / 180.0;

        //克拉索天斯基椭球体参数值
        private const double a = 6378245.0;
        //第一偏心率
        private const double ee = 0.00669342162296594323;


        /// <summary>
        /// GCJ-02转换BD-09
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="gg_lat">纬度</param>
        /// <param name="gg_lon">经度</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static GPSPoint GCJ02_to_BD09(double gg_lat, double gg_lon)
        {
            GPSPoint point = new GPSPoint();
            double x = gg_lon, y = gg_lat;
            double z = Math.Sqrt(x * x + y * y) + 0.00002 * Math.Sin(y * x_pi);
            double theta = Math.Atan2(y, x) + 0.000003 * Math.Cos(x * x_pi);
            double bd_lon = z * Math.Cos(theta) + 0.0065;
            double bd_lat = z * Math.Sin(theta) + 0.006;
            point.SetLat(bd_lat);
            point.SetLng(bd_lon);
            return point;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// BD-09转换GCJ-02
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="bd_lat">纬度</param>
        /// <param name="bd_lon">经度</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static GPSPoint BD09_to_GCJ02(double bd_lat, double bd_lon)
        {
            GPSPoint point = new GPSPoint();
            double x = bd_lon - 0.0065, y = bd_lat - 0.006;
            double z = Math.Sqrt(x * x + y * y) - 0.00002 * Math.Sin(y * x_pi);
            double theta = Math.Atan2(y, x) - 0.000003 * Math.Cos(x * x_pi);
            double gg_lon = z * Math.Cos(theta);
            double gg_lat = z * Math.Sin(theta);
            point.SetLat(gg_lat);
            point.SetLng(gg_lon);
            return point;
        }



        /// <summary>
        /// WGS-84转换GCJ-02
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="wgLat">纬度</param>
        /// <param name="wgLon">经度</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static GPSPoint WGS84_to_GCJ02(double wgLat, double wgLon)
        {
            GPSPoint point = new GPSPoint();
            if (OutOfChina(wgLat, wgLon))
            {
                point.SetLat(wgLat);
                point.SetLng(wgLon);
                return point;
            }
            double dLat = TransformLat(wgLon - 105.0, wgLat - 35.0);
            double dLon = TransformLon(wgLon - 105.0, wgLat - 35.0);
            double radLat = wgLat / 180.0 * pi;
            double magic = Math.Sin(radLat);
            magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;
            double sqrtMagic = Math.Sqrt(magic);
            dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi);
            dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.Cos(radLat) * pi);
            double lat = wgLat + dLat;
            double lon = wgLon + dLon;
            point.SetLat(lat);
            point.SetLng(lon);
            return point;
        }


        public static void Transform(double wgLat, double wgLon, double[] latlng)
        {
            if (OutOfChina(wgLat, wgLon))
            {
                latlng[0] = wgLat;
                latlng[1] = wgLon;
                return;
            }
            double dLat = TransformLat(wgLon - 105.0, wgLat - 35.0);
            double dLon = TransformLon(wgLon - 105.0, wgLat - 35.0);
            double radLat = wgLat / 180.0 * pi;
            double magic = Math.Sin(radLat);
            magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;
            double sqrtMagic = Math.Sqrt(magic);
            dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi);
            dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.Cos(radLat) * pi);
            latlng[0] = wgLat + dLat;
            latlng[1] = wgLon + dLon;
        }

        private static bool OutOfChina(double lat, double lon)
        {
            if (lon < 72.004 || lon > 137.8347)
                return true;
            if (lat < 0.8293 || lat > 55.8271)
                return true;
            return false;
        }

        private static double TransformLat(double x, double y)
        {
            double ret = -100.0 + 2.0 * x + 3.0 * y + 0.2 * y * y + 0.1 * x * y + 0.2 * Math.Sqrt(Math.Abs(x));
            ret += (20.0 * Math.Sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.Sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            ret += (20.0 * Math.Sin(y * pi) + 40.0 * Math.Sin(y / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            ret += (160.0 * Math.Sin(y / 12.0 * pi) + 320 * Math.Sin(y * pi / 30.0)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            return ret;
        }

        private static double TransformLon(double x, double y)
        {
            double ret = 300.0 + x + 2.0 * y + 0.1 * x * x + 0.1 * x * y + 0.1 * Math.Sqrt(Math.Abs(x));
            ret += (20.0 * Math.Sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.Sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            ret += (20.0 * Math.Sin(x * pi) + 40.0 * Math.Sin(x / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            ret += (150.0 * Math.Sin(x / 12.0 * pi) + 300.0 * Math.Sin(x / 30.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            return ret;
        }

    }

.

public class GPSPoint
    {
        private double lat;// 纬度
        private double lng;// 经度

        public GPSPoint()
        {
        }

        public GPSPoint(double lng, double lat)
        {
            this.lng = lng;
            this.lat = lat;
        }

        
        public double GetLat()
        {
            return lat;
        }
        public void SetLat(double lat)
        {
            this.lat = lat;
        }
        public double GetLng()
        {
            return lng;
        }
        public void SetLng(double lng)
        {
            this.lng = lng;
        }
        

    }

 

.

Java实现

package com.map.util;

public class GPSUtil {  
    public static double pi = 3.1415926535897932384626;  
    public static double x_pi = 3.14159265358979324 * 3000.0 / 180.0;  
    public static double a = 6378245.0;  
    public static double ee = 0.00669342162296594323;  
  
    public static double transformLat(double x, double y) {  
        double ret = -100.0 + 2.0 * x + 3.0 * y + 0.2 * y * y + 0.1 * x * y  
                + 0.2 * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x));  
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(y * pi) + 40.0 * Math.sin(y / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        ret += (160.0 * Math.sin(y / 12.0 * pi) + 320 * Math.sin(y * pi / 30.0)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        return ret;  
    }  
  
    public static double transformLon(double x, double y) {  
        double ret = 300.0 + x + 2.0 * y + 0.1 * x * x + 0.1 * x * y + 0.1  
                * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x));  
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(x * pi) + 40.0 * Math.sin(x / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        ret += (150.0 * Math.sin(x / 12.0 * pi) + 300.0 * Math.sin(x / 30.0  
                * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        return ret;  
    }  
    public static double[] transform(double lat, double lon) {  
        if (outOfChina(lat, lon)) {  
            return new double[]{lat,lon};  
        }  
        double dLat = transformLat(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);  
        double dLon = transformLon(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);  
        double radLat = lat / 180.0 * pi;  
        double magic = Math.sin(radLat);  
        magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;  
        double sqrtMagic = Math.sqrt(magic);  
        dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi);  
        dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.cos(radLat) * pi);  
        double mgLat = lat + dLat;  
        double mgLon = lon + dLon;  
        return new double[]{mgLat,mgLon};  
    }  
    public static boolean outOfChina(double lat, double lon) {  
        if (lon < 72.004 || lon > 137.8347)  
            return true;  
        if (lat < 0.8293 || lat > 55.8271)  
            return true;  
        return false;  
    }  
    /** 
     * 84 to 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) World Geodetic System ==> Mars Geodetic System 
     * 
     * @param lat 
     * @param lon 
     * @return 
     */  
    public static double[] gps84_To_Gcj02(double lat, double lon) {  
        if (outOfChina(lat, lon)) {  
            return new double[]{lat,lon};  
        }  
        double dLat = transformLat(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);  
        double dLon = transformLon(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);  
        double radLat = lat / 180.0 * pi;  
        double magic = Math.sin(radLat);  
        magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;  
        double sqrtMagic = Math.sqrt(magic);  
        dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi);  
        dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.cos(radLat) * pi);  
        double mgLat = lat + dLat;  
        double mgLon = lon + dLon;  
        return new double[]{mgLat, mgLon};  
    }  
  
    /** 
     * * 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) to 84 * * @param lon * @param lat * @return 
     * */  
    public static double[] gcj02_To_Gps84(double lat, double lon) {  
        double[] gps = transform(lat, lon);  
        double lontitude = lon * 2 - gps[1];  
        double latitude = lat * 2 - gps[0];  
        return new double[]{latitude, lontitude};  
    }  
    /** 
     * 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) 与百度坐标系 (BD-09) 的转换算法 将 GCJ-02 坐标转换成 BD-09 坐标 
     * 
     * @param lat 
     * @param lon 
     */  
    public static double[] gcj02_To_Bd09(double lat, double lon) {  
        double x = lon, y = lat;  
        double z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) + 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * x_pi);  
        double theta = Math.atan2(y, x) + 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * x_pi);  
        double tempLon = z * Math.cos(theta) + 0.0065;  
        double tempLat = z * Math.sin(theta) + 0.006;  
        double[] gps = {tempLat,tempLon};  
        return gps;  
    }  
  
    /** 
     * * 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) 与百度坐标系 (BD-09) 的转换算法 * * 将 BD-09 坐标转换成GCJ-02 坐标 * * @param 
     * bd_lat * @param bd_lon * @return 
     */  
    public static double[] bd09_To_Gcj02(double lat, double lon) {  
        double x = lon - 0.0065, y = lat - 0.006;  
        double z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) - 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * x_pi);  
        double theta = Math.atan2(y, x) - 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * x_pi);  
        double tempLon = z * Math.cos(theta);  
        double tempLat = z * Math.sin(theta);  
        double[] gps = {tempLat,tempLon};  
        return gps;  
    }  
  
    /**将gps84转为bd09 
     * @param lat 
     * @param lon 
     * @return 
     */  
    public static double[] gps84_To_bd09(double lat,double lon){  
        double[] gcj02 = gps84_To_Gcj02(lat,lon);  
        double[] bd09 = gcj02_To_Bd09(gcj02[0],gcj02[1]);  
        return bd09;  
    }  
    public static double[] bd09_To_gps84(double lat,double lon){  
        double[] gcj02 = bd09_To_Gcj02(lat, lon);  
        double[] gps84 = gcj02_To_Gps84(gcj02[0], gcj02[1]);  
        //保留小数点后六位  
        gps84[0] = retain6(gps84[0]);  
        gps84[1] = retain6(gps84[1]);  
        return gps84;  
    }  
  
    /**保留小数点后六位 
     * @param num 
     * @return 
     */  
    private static double retain6(double num){  
        String result = String .format("%.6f", num);  
        return Double.valueOf(result);  
    }  
  
} 

 

.

js实现

var GPS = {
    PI : 3.14159265358979324,
    x_pi : 3.14159265358979324 * 3000.0 / 180.0,
    delta : function (lat, lon) {
        // Krasovsky 1940
        //
        // a = 6378245.0, 1/f = 298.3
        // b = a * (1 - f)
        // ee = (a^2 - b^2) / a^2;
        var a = 6378245.0; //  a: 卫星椭球坐标投影到平面地图坐标系的投影因子。
        var ee = 0.00669342162296594323; //  ee: 椭球的偏心率。
        var dLat = this.transformLat(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);
        var dLon = this.transformLon(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);
        var radLat = lat / 180.0 * this.PI;
        var magic = Math.sin(radLat);
        magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;
        var sqrtMagic = Math.sqrt(magic);
        dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * this.PI);
        dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.cos(radLat) * this.PI);
        return {'lat': dLat, 'lon': dLon};
    },

    //WGS-84 to GCJ-02
    gcj_encrypt : function (wgsLat, wgsLon) {
        if (this.outOfChina(wgsLat, wgsLon))
            return {'lat': wgsLat, 'lon': wgsLon};

        var d = this.delta(wgsLat, wgsLon);
        return {'lat' : wgsLat + d.lat,'lon' : wgsLon + d.lon};
    },
    //GCJ-02 to WGS-84
    gcj_decrypt : function (gcjLat, gcjLon) {
        if (this.outOfChina(gcjLat, gcjLon))
            return {'lat': gcjLat, 'lon': gcjLon};

        var d = this.delta(gcjLat, gcjLon);
        return {'lat': gcjLat - d.lat, 'lon': gcjLon - d.lon};
    },
    //GCJ-02 to WGS-84 exactly
    gcj_decrypt_exact : function (gcjLat, gcjLon) {
        var initDelta = 0.01;
        var threshold = 0.000000001;
        var dLat = initDelta, dLon = initDelta;
        var mLat = gcjLat - dLat, mLon = gcjLon - dLon;
        var pLat = gcjLat + dLat, pLon = gcjLon + dLon;
        var wgsLat, wgsLon, i = 0;
        while (1) {
            wgsLat = (mLat + pLat) / 2;
            wgsLon = (mLon + pLon) / 2;
            var tmp = this.gcj_encrypt(wgsLat, wgsLon)
            dLat = tmp.lat - gcjLat;
            dLon = tmp.lon - gcjLon;
            if ((Math.abs(dLat) < threshold) && (Math.abs(dLon) < threshold))
                break;

            if (dLat > 0) pLat = wgsLat; else mLat = wgsLat;
            if (dLon > 0) pLon = wgsLon; else mLon = wgsLon;

            if (++i > 10000) break;
        }
        //console.log(i);
        return {'lat': wgsLat, 'lon': wgsLon};
    },
    //GCJ-02 to BD-09
    bd_encrypt : function (gcjLat, gcjLon) {
        var x = gcjLon, y = gcjLat;
        var z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) + 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * this.x_pi);
        var theta = Math.atan2(y, x) + 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * this.x_pi);
        bdLon = z * Math.cos(theta) + 0.0065;
        bdLat = z * Math.sin(theta) + 0.006;
        return {'lat' : bdLat,'lon' : bdLon};
    },
    //BD-09 to GCJ-02
    bd_decrypt : function (bdLat, bdLon) {
        var x = bdLon - 0.0065, y = bdLat - 0.006;
        var z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) - 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * this.x_pi);
        var theta = Math.atan2(y, x) - 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * this.x_pi);
        var gcjLon = z * Math.cos(theta);
        var gcjLat = z * Math.sin(theta);
        return {'lat' : gcjLat, 'lon' : gcjLon};
    },
    //WGS-84 to Web mercator
    //mercatorLat -> y mercatorLon -> x
    mercator_encrypt : function(wgsLat, wgsLon) {
        var x = wgsLon * 20037508.34 / 180.;
        var y = Math.log(Math.tan((90. + wgsLat) * this.PI / 360.)) / (this.PI / 180.);
        y = y * 20037508.34 / 180.;
        return {'lat' : y, 'lon' : x};
        /*
         if ((Math.abs(wgsLon) > 180 || Math.abs(wgsLat) > 90))
         return null;
         var x = 6378137.0 * wgsLon * 0.017453292519943295;
         var a = wgsLat * 0.017453292519943295;
         var y = 3189068.5 * Math.log((1.0 + Math.sin(a)) / (1.0 - Math.sin(a)));
         return {'lat' : y, 'lon' : x};
         //*/
    },
    // Web mercator to WGS-84
    // mercatorLat -> y mercatorLon -> x
    mercator_decrypt : function(mercatorLat, mercatorLon) {
        var x = mercatorLon / 20037508.34 * 180.;
        var y = mercatorLat / 20037508.34 * 180.;
        y = 180 / this.PI * (2 * Math.atan(Math.exp(y * this.PI / 180.)) - this.PI / 2);
        return {'lat' : y, 'lon' : x};
        /*
         if (Math.abs(mercatorLon) < 180 && Math.abs(mercatorLat) < 90)
         return null;
         if ((Math.abs(mercatorLon) > 20037508.3427892) || (Math.abs(mercatorLat) > 20037508.3427892))
         return null;
         var a = mercatorLon / 6378137.0 * 57.295779513082323;
         var x = a - (Math.floor(((a + 180.0) / 360.0)) * 360.0);
         var y = (1.5707963267948966 - (2.0 * Math.atan(Math.exp((-1.0 * mercatorLat) / 6378137.0)))) * 57.295779513082323;
         return {'lat' : y, 'lon' : x};
         //*/
    },
    // two point's distance
    distance : function (latA, lonA, latB, lonB) {
        var earthR = 6371000.;
        var x = Math.cos(latA * this.PI / 180.) * Math.cos(latB * this.PI / 180.) * Math.cos((lonA - lonB) * this.PI / 180);
        var y = Math.sin(latA * this.PI / 180.) * Math.sin(latB * this.PI / 180.);
        var s = x + y;
        if (s > 1) s = 1;
        if (s < -1) s = -1;
        var alpha = Math.acos(s);
        var distance = alpha * earthR;
        return distance;
    },
    outOfChina : function (lat, lon) {
        if (lon < 72.004 || lon > 137.8347)
            return true;
        if (lat < 0.8293 || lat > 55.8271)
            return true;
        return false;
    },
    transformLat : function (x, y) {
        var ret = -100.0 + 2.0 * x + 3.0 * y + 0.2 * y * y + 0.1 * x * y + 0.2 * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x));
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * this.PI) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(y * this.PI) + 40.0 * Math.sin(y / 3.0 * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        ret += (160.0 * Math.sin(y / 12.0 * this.PI) + 320 * Math.sin(y * this.PI / 30.0)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        return ret;
    },
    transformLon : function (x, y) {
        var ret = 300.0 + x + 2.0 * y + 0.1 * x * x + 0.1 * x * y + 0.1 * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x));
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * this.PI) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(x * this.PI) + 40.0 * Math.sin(x / 3.0 * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        ret += (150.0 * Math.sin(x / 12.0 * this.PI) + 300.0 * Math.sin(x / 30.0 * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        return ret;
    }
};

 

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