地图坐标系的转换(WGS-84、GCJ-02、BD-09)

C#地图坐标系的转换(WGS-84、GCJ-02、BD-09)

public class GPSChange
    {
        private const double pi = 3.14159265358979324;
        private const double x_pi = 3.14159265358979324 * 3000.0 / 180.0;

        //克拉索天斯基椭球体参数值
        private const double a = 6378245.0;
        //第一偏心率
        private const double ee = 0.00669342162296594323;


        /// <summary>
        /// GCJ-02转换BD-09
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="gg_lat">纬度</param>
        /// <param name="gg_lon">经度</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static GPSPoint GCJ02_to_BD09(double gg_lat, double gg_lon)
        {
            GPSPoint point = new GPSPoint();
            double x = gg_lon, y = gg_lat;
            double z = Math.Sqrt(x * x + y * y) + 0.00002 * Math.Sin(y * x_pi);
            double theta = Math.Atan2(y, x) + 0.000003 * Math.Cos(x * x_pi);
            double bd_lon = z * Math.Cos(theta) + 0.0065;
            double bd_lat = z * Math.Sin(theta) + 0.006;
            point.SetLat(bd_lat);
            point.SetLng(bd_lon);
            return point;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// BD-09转换GCJ-02
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="bd_lat">纬度</param>
        /// <param name="bd_lon">经度</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static GPSPoint BD09_to_GCJ02(double bd_lat, double bd_lon)
        {
            GPSPoint point = new GPSPoint();
            double x = bd_lon - 0.0065, y = bd_lat - 0.006;
            double z = Math.Sqrt(x * x + y * y) - 0.00002 * Math.Sin(y * x_pi);
            double theta = Math.Atan2(y, x) - 0.000003 * Math.Cos(x * x_pi);
            double gg_lon = z * Math.Cos(theta);
            double gg_lat = z * Math.Sin(theta);
            point.SetLat(gg_lat);
            point.SetLng(gg_lon);
            return point;
        }



        /// <summary>
        /// WGS-84转换GCJ-02
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="wgLat">纬度</param>
        /// <param name="wgLon">经度</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static GPSPoint WGS84_to_GCJ02(double wgLat, double wgLon)
        {
            GPSPoint point = new GPSPoint();
            if (OutOfChina(wgLat, wgLon))
            {
                point.SetLat(wgLat);
                point.SetLng(wgLon);
                return point;
            }
            double dLat = TransformLat(wgLon - 105.0, wgLat - 35.0);
            double dLon = TransformLon(wgLon - 105.0, wgLat - 35.0);
            double radLat = wgLat / 180.0 * pi;
            double magic = Math.Sin(radLat);
            magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;
            double sqrtMagic = Math.Sqrt(magic);
            dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi);
            dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.Cos(radLat) * pi);
            double lat = wgLat + dLat;
            double lon = wgLon + dLon;
            point.SetLat(lat);
            point.SetLng(lon);
            return point;
        }


        public static void Transform(double wgLat, double wgLon, double[] latlng)
        {
            if (OutOfChina(wgLat, wgLon))
            {
                latlng[0] = wgLat;
                latlng[1] = wgLon;
                return;
            }
            double dLat = TransformLat(wgLon - 105.0, wgLat - 35.0);
            double dLon = TransformLon(wgLon - 105.0, wgLat - 35.0);
            double radLat = wgLat / 180.0 * pi;
            double magic = Math.Sin(radLat);
            magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;
            double sqrtMagic = Math.Sqrt(magic);
            dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi);
            dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.Cos(radLat) * pi);
            latlng[0] = wgLat + dLat;
            latlng[1] = wgLon + dLon;
        }

        private static bool OutOfChina(double lat, double lon)
        {
            if (lon < 72.004 || lon > 137.8347)
                return true;
            if (lat < 0.8293 || lat > 55.8271)
                return true;
            return false;
        }

        private static double TransformLat(double x, double y)
        {
            double ret = -100.0 + 2.0 * x + 3.0 * y + 0.2 * y * y + 0.1 * x * y + 0.2 * Math.Sqrt(Math.Abs(x));
            ret += (20.0 * Math.Sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.Sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            ret += (20.0 * Math.Sin(y * pi) + 40.0 * Math.Sin(y / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            ret += (160.0 * Math.Sin(y / 12.0 * pi) + 320 * Math.Sin(y * pi / 30.0)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            return ret;
        }

        private static double TransformLon(double x, double y)
        {
            double ret = 300.0 + x + 2.0 * y + 0.1 * x * x + 0.1 * x * y + 0.1 * Math.Sqrt(Math.Abs(x));
            ret += (20.0 * Math.Sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.Sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            ret += (20.0 * Math.Sin(x * pi) + 40.0 * Math.Sin(x / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            ret += (150.0 * Math.Sin(x / 12.0 * pi) + 300.0 * Math.Sin(x / 30.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
            return ret;
        }

    }

.

public class GPSPoint
    {
        private double lat;// 纬度
        private double lng;// 经度

        public GPSPoint()
        {
        }

        public GPSPoint(double lng, double lat)
        {
            this.lng = lng;
            this.lat = lat;
        }

        
        public double GetLat()
        {
            return lat;
        }
        public void SetLat(double lat)
        {
            this.lat = lat;
        }
        public double GetLng()
        {
            return lng;
        }
        public void SetLng(double lng)
        {
            this.lng = lng;
        }
        

    }

 

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Java实现

package com.map.util;

public class GPSUtil {  
    public static double pi = 3.1415926535897932384626;  
    public static double x_pi = 3.14159265358979324 * 3000.0 / 180.0;  
    public static double a = 6378245.0;  
    public static double ee = 0.00669342162296594323;  
  
    public static double transformLat(double x, double y) {  
        double ret = -100.0 + 2.0 * x + 3.0 * y + 0.2 * y * y + 0.1 * x * y  
                + 0.2 * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x));  
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(y * pi) + 40.0 * Math.sin(y / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        ret += (160.0 * Math.sin(y / 12.0 * pi) + 320 * Math.sin(y * pi / 30.0)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        return ret;  
    }  
  
    public static double transformLon(double x, double y) {  
        double ret = 300.0 + x + 2.0 * y + 0.1 * x * x + 0.1 * x * y + 0.1  
                * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x));  
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(x * pi) + 40.0 * Math.sin(x / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        ret += (150.0 * Math.sin(x / 12.0 * pi) + 300.0 * Math.sin(x / 30.0  
                * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0;  
        return ret;  
    }  
    public static double[] transform(double lat, double lon) {  
        if (outOfChina(lat, lon)) {  
            return new double[]{lat,lon};  
        }  
        double dLat = transformLat(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);  
        double dLon = transformLon(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);  
        double radLat = lat / 180.0 * pi;  
        double magic = Math.sin(radLat);  
        magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;  
        double sqrtMagic = Math.sqrt(magic);  
        dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi);  
        dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.cos(radLat) * pi);  
        double mgLat = lat + dLat;  
        double mgLon = lon + dLon;  
        return new double[]{mgLat,mgLon};  
    }  
    public static boolean outOfChina(double lat, double lon) {  
        if (lon < 72.004 || lon > 137.8347)  
            return true;  
        if (lat < 0.8293 || lat > 55.8271)  
            return true;  
        return false;  
    }  
    /** 
     * 84 to 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) World Geodetic System ==> Mars Geodetic System 
     * 
     * @param lat 
     * @param lon 
     * @return 
     */  
    public static double[] gps84_To_Gcj02(double lat, double lon) {  
        if (outOfChina(lat, lon)) {  
            return new double[]{lat,lon};  
        }  
        double dLat = transformLat(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);  
        double dLon = transformLon(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);  
        double radLat = lat / 180.0 * pi;  
        double magic = Math.sin(radLat);  
        magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;  
        double sqrtMagic = Math.sqrt(magic);  
        dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi);  
        dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.cos(radLat) * pi);  
        double mgLat = lat + dLat;  
        double mgLon = lon + dLon;  
        return new double[]{mgLat, mgLon};  
    }  
  
    /** 
     * * 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) to 84 * * @param lon * @param lat * @return 
     * */  
    public static double[] gcj02_To_Gps84(double lat, double lon) {  
        double[] gps = transform(lat, lon);  
        double lontitude = lon * 2 - gps[1];  
        double latitude = lat * 2 - gps[0];  
        return new double[]{latitude, lontitude};  
    }  
    /** 
     * 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) 与百度坐标系 (BD-09) 的转换算法 将 GCJ-02 坐标转换成 BD-09 坐标 
     * 
     * @param lat 
     * @param lon 
     */  
    public static double[] gcj02_To_Bd09(double lat, double lon) {  
        double x = lon, y = lat;  
        double z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) + 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * x_pi);  
        double theta = Math.atan2(y, x) + 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * x_pi);  
        double tempLon = z * Math.cos(theta) + 0.0065;  
        double tempLat = z * Math.sin(theta) + 0.006;  
        double[] gps = {tempLat,tempLon};  
        return gps;  
    }  
  
    /** 
     * * 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) 与百度坐标系 (BD-09) 的转换算法 * * 将 BD-09 坐标转换成GCJ-02 坐标 * * @param 
     * bd_lat * @param bd_lon * @return 
     */  
    public static double[] bd09_To_Gcj02(double lat, double lon) {  
        double x = lon - 0.0065, y = lat - 0.006;  
        double z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) - 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * x_pi);  
        double theta = Math.atan2(y, x) - 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * x_pi);  
        double tempLon = z * Math.cos(theta);  
        double tempLat = z * Math.sin(theta);  
        double[] gps = {tempLat,tempLon};  
        return gps;  
    }  
  
    /**将gps84转为bd09 
     * @param lat 
     * @param lon 
     * @return 
     */  
    public static double[] gps84_To_bd09(double lat,double lon){  
        double[] gcj02 = gps84_To_Gcj02(lat,lon);  
        double[] bd09 = gcj02_To_Bd09(gcj02[0],gcj02[1]);  
        return bd09;  
    }  
    public static double[] bd09_To_gps84(double lat,double lon){  
        double[] gcj02 = bd09_To_Gcj02(lat, lon);  
        double[] gps84 = gcj02_To_Gps84(gcj02[0], gcj02[1]);  
        //保留小数点后六位  
        gps84[0] = retain6(gps84[0]);  
        gps84[1] = retain6(gps84[1]);  
        return gps84;  
    }  
  
    /**保留小数点后六位 
     * @param num 
     * @return 
     */  
    private static double retain6(double num){  
        String result = String .format("%.6f", num);  
        return Double.valueOf(result);  
    }  
  
} 

 

.

js实现

var GPS = {
    PI : 3.14159265358979324,
    x_pi : 3.14159265358979324 * 3000.0 / 180.0,
    delta : function (lat, lon) {
        // Krasovsky 1940
        //
        // a = 6378245.0, 1/f = 298.3
        // b = a * (1 - f)
        // ee = (a^2 - b^2) / a^2;
        var a = 6378245.0; //  a: 卫星椭球坐标投影到平面地图坐标系的投影因子。
        var ee = 0.00669342162296594323; //  ee: 椭球的偏心率。
        var dLat = this.transformLat(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);
        var dLon = this.transformLon(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0);
        var radLat = lat / 180.0 * this.PI;
        var magic = Math.sin(radLat);
        magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic;
        var sqrtMagic = Math.sqrt(magic);
        dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * this.PI);
        dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.cos(radLat) * this.PI);
        return {'lat': dLat, 'lon': dLon};
    },

    //WGS-84 to GCJ-02
    gcj_encrypt : function (wgsLat, wgsLon) {
        if (this.outOfChina(wgsLat, wgsLon))
            return {'lat': wgsLat, 'lon': wgsLon};

        var d = this.delta(wgsLat, wgsLon);
        return {'lat' : wgsLat + d.lat,'lon' : wgsLon + d.lon};
    },
    //GCJ-02 to WGS-84
    gcj_decrypt : function (gcjLat, gcjLon) {
        if (this.outOfChina(gcjLat, gcjLon))
            return {'lat': gcjLat, 'lon': gcjLon};

        var d = this.delta(gcjLat, gcjLon);
        return {'lat': gcjLat - d.lat, 'lon': gcjLon - d.lon};
    },
    //GCJ-02 to WGS-84 exactly
    gcj_decrypt_exact : function (gcjLat, gcjLon) {
        var initDelta = 0.01;
        var threshold = 0.000000001;
        var dLat = initDelta, dLon = initDelta;
        var mLat = gcjLat - dLat, mLon = gcjLon - dLon;
        var pLat = gcjLat + dLat, pLon = gcjLon + dLon;
        var wgsLat, wgsLon, i = 0;
        while (1) {
            wgsLat = (mLat + pLat) / 2;
            wgsLon = (mLon + pLon) / 2;
            var tmp = this.gcj_encrypt(wgsLat, wgsLon)
            dLat = tmp.lat - gcjLat;
            dLon = tmp.lon - gcjLon;
            if ((Math.abs(dLat) < threshold) && (Math.abs(dLon) < threshold))
                break;

            if (dLat > 0) pLat = wgsLat; else mLat = wgsLat;
            if (dLon > 0) pLon = wgsLon; else mLon = wgsLon;

            if (++i > 10000) break;
        }
        //console.log(i);
        return {'lat': wgsLat, 'lon': wgsLon};
    },
    //GCJ-02 to BD-09
    bd_encrypt : function (gcjLat, gcjLon) {
        var x = gcjLon, y = gcjLat;
        var z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) + 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * this.x_pi);
        var theta = Math.atan2(y, x) + 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * this.x_pi);
        bdLon = z * Math.cos(theta) + 0.0065;
        bdLat = z * Math.sin(theta) + 0.006;
        return {'lat' : bdLat,'lon' : bdLon};
    },
    //BD-09 to GCJ-02
    bd_decrypt : function (bdLat, bdLon) {
        var x = bdLon - 0.0065, y = bdLat - 0.006;
        var z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) - 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * this.x_pi);
        var theta = Math.atan2(y, x) - 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * this.x_pi);
        var gcjLon = z * Math.cos(theta);
        var gcjLat = z * Math.sin(theta);
        return {'lat' : gcjLat, 'lon' : gcjLon};
    },
    //WGS-84 to Web mercator
    //mercatorLat -> y mercatorLon -> x
    mercator_encrypt : function(wgsLat, wgsLon) {
        var x = wgsLon * 20037508.34 / 180.;
        var y = Math.log(Math.tan((90. + wgsLat) * this.PI / 360.)) / (this.PI / 180.);
        y = y * 20037508.34 / 180.;
        return {'lat' : y, 'lon' : x};
        /*
         if ((Math.abs(wgsLon) > 180 || Math.abs(wgsLat) > 90))
         return null;
         var x = 6378137.0 * wgsLon * 0.017453292519943295;
         var a = wgsLat * 0.017453292519943295;
         var y = 3189068.5 * Math.log((1.0 + Math.sin(a)) / (1.0 - Math.sin(a)));
         return {'lat' : y, 'lon' : x};
         //*/
    },
    // Web mercator to WGS-84
    // mercatorLat -> y mercatorLon -> x
    mercator_decrypt : function(mercatorLat, mercatorLon) {
        var x = mercatorLon / 20037508.34 * 180.;
        var y = mercatorLat / 20037508.34 * 180.;
        y = 180 / this.PI * (2 * Math.atan(Math.exp(y * this.PI / 180.)) - this.PI / 2);
        return {'lat' : y, 'lon' : x};
        /*
         if (Math.abs(mercatorLon) < 180 && Math.abs(mercatorLat) < 90)
         return null;
         if ((Math.abs(mercatorLon) > 20037508.3427892) || (Math.abs(mercatorLat) > 20037508.3427892))
         return null;
         var a = mercatorLon / 6378137.0 * 57.295779513082323;
         var x = a - (Math.floor(((a + 180.0) / 360.0)) * 360.0);
         var y = (1.5707963267948966 - (2.0 * Math.atan(Math.exp((-1.0 * mercatorLat) / 6378137.0)))) * 57.295779513082323;
         return {'lat' : y, 'lon' : x};
         //*/
    },
    // two point's distance
    distance : function (latA, lonA, latB, lonB) {
        var earthR = 6371000.;
        var x = Math.cos(latA * this.PI / 180.) * Math.cos(latB * this.PI / 180.) * Math.cos((lonA - lonB) * this.PI / 180);
        var y = Math.sin(latA * this.PI / 180.) * Math.sin(latB * this.PI / 180.);
        var s = x + y;
        if (s > 1) s = 1;
        if (s < -1) s = -1;
        var alpha = Math.acos(s);
        var distance = alpha * earthR;
        return distance;
    },
    outOfChina : function (lat, lon) {
        if (lon < 72.004 || lon > 137.8347)
            return true;
        if (lat < 0.8293 || lat > 55.8271)
            return true;
        return false;
    },
    transformLat : function (x, y) {
        var ret = -100.0 + 2.0 * x + 3.0 * y + 0.2 * y * y + 0.1 * x * y + 0.2 * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x));
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * this.PI) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(y * this.PI) + 40.0 * Math.sin(y / 3.0 * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        ret += (160.0 * Math.sin(y / 12.0 * this.PI) + 320 * Math.sin(y * this.PI / 30.0)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        return ret;
    },
    transformLon : function (x, y) {
        var ret = 300.0 + x + 2.0 * y + 0.1 * x * x + 0.1 * x * y + 0.1 * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x));
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * this.PI) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(x * this.PI) + 40.0 * Math.sin(x / 3.0 * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        ret += (150.0 * Math.sin(x / 12.0 * this.PI) + 300.0 * Math.sin(x / 30.0 * this.PI)) * 2.0 / 3.0;
        return ret;
    }
};

 

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